Smart home (Home automation) is a residential platform that uses integrated wiring technology, network communication technology, security technology, automatic control technology, and audio and video technology to integrate facilities related to home life and build an efficient management system for residential facilities and family schedule affairs to enhance home security, convenience, comfort, artistry, and achieve an environmentally friendly and energy-saving living environment.
To build a perfect smart home system means to connect home appliances to the network and form a home Internet of Things, so the following three core functions need to be built first.
1. Home Gateway
The home gateway is the core part of the smart home LAN, through Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, ZigBee, etc. to complete the conversion and information sharing between different communication protocols in the internal home network, to maintain the data exchange function with the external communication network, and to be responsible for the management and control of home smart devices.
2. Home intelligent terminal
The home intelligent terminal is all kinds of devices that can control other home appliances, which integrates all functions of home intelligence and makes the smart home built on a unified platform. The home intelligent terminal can identify the legality of the command and realize the data interaction between the internal and external networks of the family, which is not only the traffic hub of the family information but also the "protector" of the informationized family.
3. Intelligent components
A smart home system is composed of the main module and a functional module, the main module is a home gateway, router, and other intelligent devices, and the functional module is a temperature sensor, fire alarm, remote control, human body detection, and other independent intelligent components. These independent smart parts are the helpers to create a personalized smart home system.
Besides, there are single points and overall solutions for smart home systems.
1. Single-point solution
Single point solution is a product developed for specific functions, i.e. the smart small home appliances we are familiar with, such as smart light bulbs, smart sockets, smart monitors and TVs, and air conditioners controlled by smart APPs. Single point solution cannot build a complete smart home system, and the interaction between devices is weak, but the cost is low, which is suitable for consumers who experience smart homes for the first time, and can also meet the desire of the rental party to enjoy smart life.
2. Overall solution
The overall solution framework mostly adopts the combination of wired + wireless network to make the whole home "live" by establishing a whole house smart home system. At the same time, the system equipment's built-in small processor, even without an external network, can ensure the system's off-grid smooth operation and expand the equipment at any time, the system application software is also more easily upgraded. If you want to build a whole house smart home system from a rough room, you should choose a total solution.
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